google\'s project loon: internet-beaming balloons to connect remote parts of the world
The beginning was a wrinkled, thin, translucent jellyfish. Google this week released a shape balloon from a frozen site in the center of New Zealand\'s southern island to harden into shiny pumpkins, rising to the blue winter sky above Lake Tekapo, passed the first big test of the lofty goal of getting the whole Earth online. This is the culmination of what Google calls an 18-month job on the Loon project, and this is how eccentric recognition of the idea sounds. Developed in the mysterious X lab, which develops driverless cars and networks Surfing glasses, fragile helium When the Internet is in the air, the inflatable device is filled to transmit them to the Earth. The balloons are still in the experimental stage, the first of Google\'s leaders to finally hope to launch 20 kilometers of thousands of balloons (12 miles) In order to bridge the huge digital divide between the four countries of the world, enter the stratosphere. 8 billion people without connections and 2 of them. Plug-in 2 billion-In peer. If this technology is successful, it may allow countries to go beyond the cost of laying optical cables and significantly increase Internet usage in places such as Africa and Southeast Asia. \"It\'s a huge moon shoot. \"This is a very big goal,\" said project leader Mike Cassidy . \". \"The power of the internet is probably one of the most transformative technologies of our time. \"The first person to get access to Google Balloon Internet this week was Charles Nemo, a farmer and entrepreneur in Leeston town. He found the experience a bit confusing as he was one of the 50 locals, the tester who signed up for a project so secretive that no one would explain to them what was going on. The technician came to the volunteer\'s home and stuck it on the exterior wall with a basketball-sized bright red receiver, like a huge Google map pin. Nimmo went online for about 15 minutes before the balloon that sent the message passed. His first stop online was to check the weather as he wondered if it was the best time for his sheep to \"cruise, one term he explained to the technician was to remove the wool around the back end of the sheep. Nimmo is one of many rural residents who do not have access to broadband, even in developed countries. After dialing his phone Four years ago, in support of satellite Internet services, he found himself stuck in a bill that sometimes topped $1,000 a month. \"It\'s strange,\" Nimmo said of the Google Balloon Internet experience . \". \"But it\'s exciting to be part of something new. \"While the concept is new, people have been using balloons for communication, transportation and entertainment for centuries. In recent years, military and aviation researchers have used a tethered balloon to transmit Internet signals back to bases on Earth. Google\'s balloon flies freely, vision drops, and removes energy from the card table The size of the solar panel hangs below, collecting enough charge in four hours to power the balloon around the world for a day in the prevailing wind. Far below the Internet capacity of about 100 kilometers (60 miles) A rebound signal to the balloon. The signal jumps forward along the backbone of up to five balloons, jumping from one balloon to the next. Each balloon will provide Internet services to New York City, which is twice the size of about 1,250 square kilometers ( 780 square miles) Terrain is not a challenge. They can access the steep winding Khyber Pass or Yaoundé, Cameroon\'s capital, via the Internet. According to World Bank estimates, 4 out of every 100 people are online in Cameroon. There are a lot of captures, including the requirement that anyone using the Google Balloon Internet need to plug in the receiver of the computer to receive the signal. At this point, Google is not talking about costs, although they are trying to make balloons and receivers as cheap as possible, much cheaper than laying cables. These signals are transmitted in unlicensed spectrum, which means that Google does not have to go through the heavy regulatory process required by Internet providers using wireless communication networks or satellites. In New Zealand, the company worked with the civil aviation authority to hear the case. Google chose the country in part because of its remoteness. Cassidy said that in the next stage of the trial, they hope to get up to 300 balloons from New Zealand across Australia, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay and Argentina on the 40 th to form a ring. Christchurch is a symbolic launch site because some residents were cut off from online information after a 2011 magnitude earthquake killed 185 people. Google believes that balloon access can help quickly restore online where natural disasters have occurred. Tania Gilchrist, a resident who signed up for the Google trial, feels lucky that she lost only about 10 hours of power on the day of the earthquake. \"After the initial turmoil, the Internet really played a role,\" she said . \". \"How people coordinate rescue efforts and let people know how to connect with the agency. It is really very effective and not necessarily driven by the authorities. \"This week, at Google\'s mission control center in Christchurch, a group of time difference engineers worked on eight large laptops, they used the wind data of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to identify the wind layer with the desired speed and direction, and then adjusted the height of the balloon to float them in the layer. Richard Devor of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology said: \"What connects everyone is the sky and the wind, which is a very basic democratic thing --\" A trained scientist who created the Loon project and helped develop Google glasses, hidden cameras Glasses equipped with a microcomputer display that responds to voice commands. DeVaul initially thought their biggest challenge was to build a radio link from Earth to the sky, but in the end, one of the most complex parts is the manual manufacture of durable balloons that are strong, light and capable of handling the temperature and pressure fluctuations in the stratosphere. Google engineers studied balloon science from NASA, the Defense Department, and the Jet Propulsion Lab, designed their own airships, made of plastic film, similar to grocery bags. Hundreds have been built so far. He said that they would not interfere with the aircraft because they flew below the satellite, twice as high as the aircraft, and they played down concerns about surveillance, stressing that they would not carry cameras or any other unrelated equipment. The balloon will be directed to the collection point and replaced regularly. If they fail, the parachute will open. Google has refused to confirm the project despite rumors. But there are signs: on April, Google\'s executive chairman wrote on Twitter, \"for everyone on the Internet, there are two people who don\'t. \"By the end of the decade, everyone on Earth will be connected,\" triggering a series of speculative reports. For more than a decade, the international aid organization has been promoting more connectivity. In the pilot project, African farmers solved the disease outbreak problem after searching online, while in Bangladesh, \"online schools\" brought teachers from Dhaka to children in remote classrooms through large screens and video conferences Many experts say the project has the potential to be fast Pushing the developing world to the digital age could affect more people than the first two projects at Google X labs: glasses and a range of self- Driving a car that has recorded thousands of accidentsfree miles. \"From social inclusion to educational and economic opportunities, the entire population group will have great benefits,\" said Kevin Howley, professor of media research at DePauw University . \". Patrick Murphy, professor of communication at Temple University, warned that internet services in China and Brazil have increased democratic principles and triggered social movements and uprisings, the surge in consumerism has also led to environmental and health problems. \"Nutrition and medical information, agricultural technology, democratic principles are wonderful parts of it,\" he said . \". \"But you also have everyone who wants to drive, eat steak and drink Coke. \"As the world\'s largest advertising network, Google itself will expand its empire by providing the Internet to the public: more users mean more potential Google searchers, this, in turn, gives the company more opportunities to showcase lucrative advertising. Richard Bennett, a researcher at the nonprofit Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, is skeptical, noting that mobile phones are used more in developing countries. \"I\'m really happy that Google is doing this speculative research,\" he said . \". \"But how practical these things are remains to be seen. Ken Murdoch, chief information officer of the non-profit organization \"Save Children\", said the service would be \"a huge key enabler\" during natural disasters and humanitarian crises \", when the infrastructure may not exist or be paralyzed. \"The potential of a system that can restore connectivity within hours of the crisis is very exciting,\" agreed Imogen Wall of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, despite warning that, the service must be strong. \"If services fail in a crisis, life will be lost. \"This Week in Christchurch, balloons are invisible in the sky except for occasional flashes, but if they happen to be launching their remote countryside, or through a telescope, people can see them if they know where to look. Before heading to New Zealand, Google spent months secretly launching two to five flights a week in California\'s Central Valley, and Google\'s scientists said there were some unusual reports in local media. DeVaul said: \"We were chasing balloons on the truck on the ground and people called to report the ufo.